Goltibei Since Gondor was still strong, the Witch-king came north to destroy Arnor instead. Indeed, the decline was so severe that in Argeleb II r. A hypothetical Flag of Arnor based on the Star of Elendil. Arthedain was finally destroyed in T. The Weather Hills were claimed by all three kingdoms.
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Elendil and his two sons originally divided these stones between themselves. They were usually heavily guarded and under the control of the kings. There were seven of these stones in total. The northern kingdom possessed three, and the southern kingdom held the other four. It could not contact the other Middle-Earth stones. Though one of the lesser stones, it was the stone most often used by the Kings of Arnor.
These early colonists soon interbred with the indigenous population of Eriador. Thus, Elendil arrived in an area populated by people who were mainly still Faithful and Elf-friends , where much of the knowledge of the Elder Days was preserved. Steven White, Jr. The High King of the Noldor Gil-galad and his people aided the fledgling realm. Gil-galad even built the Emyn Beraid for Elendil. Elendil founded Arnor at the end of the Second Age S.
Arnor suffered heavy casualties in the war, and some parts of the land were partially depopulated. He was killed in T. His three eldest sons were killed with him, but the fourth and youngest, Valandil , who had remained at Rivendell due to his youth, became king of Arnor.
Isildur also lost the One Ring at this time, when it slipped off his finger as he tried to escape pursuing Orcs. Arnor never fully recovered from the devastating loss of manpower it suffered in the war against Sauron.
The eldest, Amlaith , claimed Kingship over all Arnor but was reduced to only ruling the region of Arthedain as his kingdom, while the other sons founded the breakaway kingdoms of Cardolan and Rhudaur. However, even Arthedain was eventually destroyed. During the reign of Malvegil c. This land became populated with the Orcs and men of Sauron, and began attacking Rhudaur and Cardolan.
Years later, Argeleb I of Arthedain , reasserted control over Cardolan , and fortified a line along the Weather Hills. At this time the line of Isildur had failed in Cardolan and Rhudaur , and an evil Hillman had seized control of Rhudaur. The chieftain swore allegiance to Angmar , and together they attacked the newly fortified Weather Hills, killing Argeleb. His son Arveleg, however, counterattacked in conjunction with Cardolan and drove the enemy back. Arveleg successfully held the frontier along the Weather Hils in force for quite some years.
This time, Weathertop was captured and Arveleg fell in battle. The Dunedain did not have the strength to drive away the forces of Angmar, so the elves of Lindon , Rivendell , and Lorien defeated the armies of Angmar. After doing great damage in Rhovanion , it struck Osgiliath in Gondor in T. This plague, which barely affected western Gondor, spread northwards to Cardolan.
The Witch-king, exploiting the tragedy, sent evil spirits, the Barrow-wights , to infest the area. The Hobbits of the Shire were damaged by it, but not heavily. The plague lost its strength, however, at this point, so that most of Arthedain was unaffected. The Witch-king attacked during the harsh winter weather. The capital of Fornost fell, and the remaining Arnorian forces were driven over the Lune river into Lindon.
King Arvedui was compelled to flee to Forochel , and ask aid of the Snowmen there. When the Snowmen of Forochel saw the ship arrive, they were uncomfortable and nervous about the escape plan. If they have them, let the seamen bring us food and other things that we need, and you may stay here till the Witch-king goes home. For in summer his power wanes; but now his breath is deadly, and his cold arm is long.
A storm blew in that night and drove the ice towards the shore, and the ship was crushed and sank, with great loss of life, including King Arvedui. So the North-kingdom ended, but the Hobbits survived in the Shire. They eventually chose a Thain from among themselves to replace the King, and the first of these was Bucca of the Marish , in T.
Gondor, however, was preoccupied with its own threats from the Easterlings , and so could not respond immediately. Gondor had been in a weakened condition since the death of King Ondoher and his two sons in the Battle of the Camp fighting the Easterlings in T. Arvedui of Arnor tried to claim the southern throne but this claim was rejected by Gondor.
Unfortunately, it was not in time to save Arthedain , and the northern kingdom perished. From these ships debarked the most powerful army seen in the north of Middle-earth in centuries. Instead of awaiting the invaders in the fortress city of Fornost, he confidently marched his forces out to meet them in the open.
But there was an appreciable difference this time-- the ground and naval might of Gondor. The allied Host continued to advance, and instead of establishing a merely defensive position, they attacked him from the Hills of Evendim , and a large battle broke out. Any hopes for an orderly withdrawal were in vain, however. Gondorian cavalry forces , attacking from the north, routed the forces of Angmar, and put them to flight signalling an end to what became known as the Battle of Fornost.
The Witch-king, in full flight, forsook his new conquests, and made for Angmar. He will not return to this land. Far off yet is his doom, and not by the hand of man will he fall. This prophecy would not be fulfilled until a thousand years later, at the Battle of the Pelennor Fields.
He took his dwindling people and turned them into wanderers who traveled from place to place in Eriador. Instead of calling himself a king or prince, he assumed the title Chieftain.
Through them the royal line of Arnor was maintained successfully for a thousand years until the refounding of Arnor in Fo. Aranarth brought his son Arahael to Rivendell and gave him to Elrond for safekeeping until he was grown. This became a tradition that was followed through the rest of the Third Age. There were sixteen Chieftains in direct descent, with Aragorn Elessar being the last. There were many perils in Eriador in that time, and many of the Chieftains died premature deaths.
A company of this group accompanied Aragorn through the Paths of the Dead and during the attack on Umbar which captured the Corsair fleet. They participated at the last battle, fighting under his banner, at the Battle of the Morannon , where Sauron was finally thrown down.
There was conflict in other areas of the North. This was the last battle fought in the War of the Ring , and resulted in the death of Saruman and the death or capture of his followers. This became known as the Battle of Bywater , and represents the Hobbit contribution to the War.
After the fall of Sauron Arnor was safe again for resettlement of Men, and although it remained less populated than Gondor to the south, in time Arnor became a more densely populated region again, even if it had dwindled in size due to the independence of the Shire. The area encompassed by the Reunited Kingdom now encompassed the territory of the Two Kingdoms at their greatest extent. The reborn kingdom continued on into the Fourth Age, with Eldarion eventually succeeding his father to the throne of this now empire-sized state.
Many early place names and the names of the royal house were Quenya, but by the 8th century of the Third Age , Quenya had given way to Sindarin. These names quickly fell out of use, in favour of Arnor: the Land of the King, so called for the kingship of Elendil , and to seal its precedence over the southern realm. This linguistic change was ascribed to a later, Mannish development of Sindarin.
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