Enviar Biografia de Simone de Beauvoir Simone de Beauvoir foi uma escritora francesa, filуsofa existencialista, memorialista e feminista, considerada uma das maiores representantes do existencialismo na Franзa. Manteve um longo e polкmico relacionamento amoroso com o filуsofo Paul Sartre. Filha de um advogado e leitor compulsivo, desde a adolescкncia jб pensava em ser escritora. Entre e , estudou no Institute Adeline Dйsir, uma escola catуlica para meninas.
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Start your review of A Velhice Write a review Shelves: french , history-and-biography , japanese , life-is-proust , life-is-shakespeare , linguistics-and-philosophy , older-men-younger-women , too-sexy-for-maiden-aunts , well-i-think-its-funny I see reviewers here complaining that La vieillesse is boring, or disorganised, or outdated gerontology or whatever, but with all due respect I think this is missing the point. Simone de Beauvoir, now in her early sixties, is a distinguished author and philosopher characterised by her calm, lucid way of approaching all kinds of difficult questions.
I see reviewers here complaining that La vieillesse is boring, or disorganised, or outdated gerontology or whatever, but with all due respect I think this is missing the point. Well: what does that mean? What is old age? Is it an objective thing, a social construct, or a combination of the two? How do people experience being old? What strategies do you have for dealing with the fact of being old? How do different cultures treat old people? What ethical issues arise?
De Beauvoir starts off by saying that most people have a great deal of resistance to thinking about these things at all and would rather avoid them: denial is definitely the preferred approach. I will never get old, they tell themselves. I am going to stay young, maybe not in body but at least in spirit.
Perhaps I will kill myself to avoid such a miserable fate. She tells us this is a very common reaction. And yet, most people become old. So why not look at what this means? At first, I did indeed find La vieillesse hard to get through, and progress became mysteriously stalled for a couple of months as I switched to more appealing books; but I decided to return to it, and after a while I found I was hooked.
There are many different threads. But three themes in particular keep coming back. First, old age is something that is very different for different people. Some people do indeed experience it, in what she regards as the traditional stereotype, as a calming of the passions, a serene preparation for departing life, but these are the exceptions. Most old people are not calm or serene; the story that made the deepest impression on me was the very physical romance between a pensioned teacher in his late eighties and a former student, which ends with her tracking down his grave after he has been kidnapped and killed by his own children, and spending twenty-four hours lying prostrate on the granite slab.
Needless to say, this is also an exception: but all the same. Second, there is the question of what it is that primarily characterises being old. But she also shows you many examples of old people who are physically decrepit, yet still enjoying life and finding it meaningful.
She argues persuasively that a much more important factor is the balance between the past and the future. We all live with the accumulated weight of our past, which we feel responsible for in various ways; we need to carry on being the person we used to be, who is no longer us. After a while, we may spend so much energy thinking about our past self that we have nothing left to devote to our future self, and then we are finished.
I thought this was very insightful and helpful. So, third and finally, what options do we in fact have when we are old? What can we do that will make us feel that we have a future? Here, too, I was struck by the clarity of her answer. For a great many people, there are no options. Once they are too old to be employable, society has no use for them. It may just barely keep them alive because it feels too unpleasant to kill old people directly, but it does so unwillingly, and it is made clear to these people that they are now irrelevant.
They cannot make meaningful plans for the future, because whatever they do makes no difference. I think the situation is now better than it was in , when she published the book. But it is not that much better, and it could easily get worse again. The attitudes she describes are deeply rooted in the structure of our civilization.
Well: not exactly an upbeat book. But personally I loved it.
Simone de Beauvoir: biografia e principais obras
Foi professora de filosofia at em escolas de diferentes localidades francesas, como Ruo e Marselha. Simone de Beauvoir procurou refletir sobre a excluso dos idosos em sua sociedade, mas do ponto de vista de que sabia que iria se tornar um deles, como quem pensava o prprio destino. Para ela, um dos problemas da sociedade capitalista est no fato de que cada indivduo percebe as outras pessoas como meio para a realizao de suas necessidades: proteo, riqueza, prazer, dominao. Destaforma, nos relacionamos com outras pessoas priorizando nossos desejos, pouco compreendendo e valorizando suas necessidades. No texto, A velhice , Simone de Beauvoir escreveu que o idoso uma espcie de objeto incmodo, intil, e quase tudo que se deseja poder trat-lo como quantia desprezvel.
Simone de Beauvoir