Therefore he received his primary education from the schools around Iran. In Shamlou left high school to enrol in the technical College of Tehran. In His father took him to the north of Iran which was occupied by the Soviet Army. Shamlou was arrested by the Red Army for his political ideas and is sent to Rasht. He was released from jail in and left with his family for Azarbaijan. The separatists arrest him and his father for a short time.
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Therefore he received his primary education from the schools around Iran. In Shamlou left high school to enrol in the technical College of Tehran. In His father took him to the north of Iran which was occupied by the Soviet Army. Shamlou was arrested by the Red Army for his political ideas and is sent to Rasht. He was released from jail in and left with his family for Azarbaijan.
The separatists arrest him and his father for a short time. They were sent back to Tehran. Shamlou decided to leave school for good. He married for the first time in , and in this year he released his first collection of poems: The Forgotten Songs. In he started to write in a literary monthly called "Sokhan". Second collection of poems: Manifesto, was published in He showed clear inclinations toward " Socialist ideology.
In , he got a job in the Hungarian embassy as their Cultural Advisor. An in this year he third collection of poems, Metals and Sense, was banned and destroyed by the police.
His translations of Gold in Dirt, by Sigmud Motritz and the voluminous novel. The Sons of a Man Whose Heart Was Made of Stone, by Morio Kai, together with all data gathered for his work on the colloquial culture of urban Iranian life to be known as the Book of Streets were also confiscated and destroyed. He escaped and went into hiding. Two years later he was arrested and kept in jail for 14 months. He was freed in His four new collections of poems were taken and lost by a publisher. In He became the editor-in-chief of "Bamshad" literary magazine.
He was separated from his wife after having two sons and one daughter. He released his masterpiece in , The Fresh Air, a collection of poems that would influence Persian poetry profoundly. He also published a few studies on classic Iranian poetry.
And he married for a second time. And in He began publishing short stories for children, as well as directing documentary films and working for film studios. A new collection of his poems, the Garden of Mirrors, was released in And in he suffers a bitter separation from his second wife.
He became editor-in-chief of "Ketab-e-Hafte", a magazine which changed the tradition and language of literary journalism in Iran.
He met Ayda in , beginning a loving relationship that had lasted until his death. His translations of Andre Gide and Robert Merl were published. Shamlou and Ayda were married in In new collections of poems were released: Ayda, Trees, Memories and the Dagger. He had a new translation published. He also began his third attempt to compile The Book of Streets. Another new collection of poem is published in Qoqnus in the Rain. The Ministry of Information banned his literary magazine.
He became editor-in-chief of "Khushe" in His new translation of Erskine Caldwell was published. He participated in the formation of the Union of Iranian Writers and gave several poetry readings at Iranian universities. In he began his study of Hafiz, the classical grand poet of the Persian Language. The poems debuted at this event appear in a voluminous book edited by Shamlou. The police closed down his weekly magazine in Of Air and Mirrors, a selection of older poetry, was published, together with his collection of new poems, Odes for the Earth.
In New collection: Blossoming in Mist. He directed a few documentary films for television and published several short stories for children. And he redid some of his earlier translations. His mother died in He taught Persian literature at Tehran University in He obtained membership in the Iranian Academy of Language. He published several new translations and wrote a few film scripts.
He travelled to Paris for medical treatment. In , two new collections, Abraham in "Fire and Doors" and "The Great China Wall", were released, along with several new translations. An two years later in he published his work and study of Hafez.
He travelled to the United States in and gave poetry reading in many cities. In New poem: "Dagger on the Plate". This year was a very active year in his life, as he published many poems and translations, as well as giving numerous lectures and readings. He was at this point considered the finest Iranian poet.
The first and second volumes of the Book of Streets went to print. He was invited by "Interlit" in , the World Literary Congress.
He toured Europe giving many lectures and readings. His complete collection of poems was printed in Germany. He returned to Iran again. In He toured the United States. Several works were published on his poetry and his overall literary contribution. Again in he toured Europe and returned to Iran for another four years of intensive work. And once again he went on touring but this time to Sweden giving numerous lectures and readings in His works were published in Spanish: Aurora!
His physical condition deteriorated in He underwent several operations. And in his right foot was amputated due to severe diabetic problems. He died on Sunday July 23, , at 9 p. Shamlou was prominent both as a great historical literary figure and as a major poet.
He was a journalist, a playwright, a translator and a broadcaster. His historical contribution to the reformation of Persian poetry has been the subject of many books.
His poetry has been translated into several languages, however it remains a relatively undiscovered treasure in the West. He was a humanist and a socially minded intellectual who has skilfully woven personal love and affection together with his social attitudes. He lived always with hope and passion for justice. In this dead-end July They smell your mouth To find out if you have told someone: I love you! Such a strange time it is, my dear; And they punish Love.
Ahmad was the second child and the only son in a family of six children. In the manner of many children who grow up in families with military parents, he received his early education in various towns, including Khash and Zahedan in the southeast of Iran, and Mashhad in the northeast, and Rasht in the north. By , his high school education still incomplete, he left Birjand for Tehran. He intended to attend the German-established Tehran Technical School, one of the best secondary schools of that period and learn the German language. He was admitted to this school on the condition that he be demoted two years.
Shamlou was arguably the most influential poet of modern Iran. His initial poetry was influenced by and in the tradition of Nima Youshij. For infrastructure and impact, he uses a kind of everyday imagery in which personified oxymoronic elements are spiked with an unreal combination of the abstract and the concrete thus far unprecedented in Persian poetry, which distressed some of the admirers of more traditional poetry. Shamlou has translated extensively from French to Persian and his own works are also translated into a number of languages. He has also written a number of plays, edited the works of major classical Persian poets, especially Hafiz.