ASTM E165 PDF

ASTM E 1. Scope 1. They are nondestructive testing methods for detecting discontinuities that are open to the surface such as cracks, seams, laps, cold shuts, laminations, through leaks, or lack of fusion and are applicable to in-process, final, and maintenance examination. They can be effectively used in the examination of nonporous, metallic materials, both ferrous and nonferrous, and of nonmetallic materials such as glazed or fully densified ceramics, certain nonporous plastics, and glass. Agreement by the user and the supplier regarding specific techniques is strongly recommended. It should be pointed out, however, that after indications have been produced, they must be interpreted or classified and then evaluated.

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More E Each of the various penetrant methods has been designed for specific uses such as critical service items, volume of parts, portability, or localized areas of examination.

The method selected will depend accordingly on the design and service requirements of the parts or materials being tested. Scope 1. Penetrant testing is a nondestructive testing method for detecting discontinuities that are open to the surface such as cracks, seams, laps, cold shuts, shrinkage, laminations, through leaks, or lack of fusion and is applicable to in-process, final, and maintenance examinations.

It can be effectively used in the examination of nonporous, metallic materials, ferrous and nonferrous metals, and of nonmetallic materials such as nonporous glazed or fully densified ceramics, as well as certain nonporous plastics, and glass. Agreement by the customer requesting penetrant testing is strongly recommended.

All areas of this practice may be open to agreement between the cognizant engineering organization and the supplier, or specific direction from the cognizant engineering organization. It should be pointed out, however, that after indications have been found, they must be interpreted or classified and then evaluated.

For this purpose there must be a separate code, standard, or a specific agreement to define the type, size, location, and direction of indications considered acceptable, and those considered unacceptable. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard.

It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

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