CHRONICON PASCHALE PDF

When he was 32 years old, Alexander was poisoned and died at Babylon. In total, 5, years. In total, years. The Syro-Macedonians, that is the inhabitants of Apameia , count their Paschal era from the year of these consuls.

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When he was 32 years old, Alexander was poisoned and died at Babylon. In total, 5, years. In total, years.

The Syro-Macedonians, that is the inhabitants of Apameia , count their Paschal era from the year of these consuls. In order to translate the Jewish scriptures from Hebrew into Greek, he locked away 72 of the Hebrew wise men on Pharos , the island of Proteus , in 72 separate dwelling places. He had placed the scriptures in the libraries which he had created at Alexandria , along with many other books of all sorts which he had collected from every city.

When he saw that the books which he had brought from Jerusalem were written in letters of gold, he was amazed, and after having copies made he returned them together with gifts. The scriptures were translated within 72 days on the island of Pharos.

Then glory was given to God , and the scriptures were recognised as being truly inspired, because they had all produced the same translation. Therefore the nations of today believe that it was by the inspiration of God that the scriptures were translated within 72 days on the island of Pharos.

In the year of these consuls, silver coinage was minted for the first time at Rome. Simon became the 12th high priest at Jerusalem, for 22 years. In the year of these consuls, the [events of] the first book of Maccabees took place. Caria and Rhodes were shaken by an earthquake, and the Colossus at Rhodes fell down.

The composition of the second book of Maccabees started [from this year]. The Jews were defeated by this Ptolemy. They lost 40, soldiers, and the prisoners were taken off to Jerusalem. There, on the orders of Ptolemy, five hundred elephants, who were equipped for fighting, were given a mixture of wine and frankincense to drink for three days, so that they would destroy all the Jews in a single attack. So the Jews were saved, and returned with thanksgiving to their homes.

Antiochus handed over Syria , Phoenicia , Samaria and Judaea as her dowry. Since he was unable to harm Onias, and was forced into exile, he decided to betray his country. So he went to Apollonius , the governor of Syria, Phoenicia, and Cilicia , and promised to provide money for him.

He said that the treasury at Jerusalem contained much private money, which properly belonged not to the temple but to the king. Apollonius reported this to king Seleucus, and on receiving authority from the king he went to Jerusalem, accompanied by Simon and a very strong army.

The people and the priests of the temple met him with protests, but Apollonius cowed them with threats and forced his way into the temple. The angels struck down Apollonius, who fell half-dead to the floor of the crowded precinct of the temple. He stretched out his hands and begged the people to pray to God to save him. Onias the high priest was moved by his entreaty, and so that Seleucus should not suspect that Apollonius had been killed by human agency, prayed to God on his behalf.

Then Apollonius was saved, and went back to king Seleucus to inform him of what had happened. He dedicated his commentaries on the books of Moses to Ptolemy Philometor. Onias, who was also called Menelaus, the Jewish high priest who had betrayed his country to Antiochus Epiphanes, was killed by Antiochus Eupator. Then Alcimus , who was not from a priestly family, obtained the high priesthood by bribery. Because of this, Onias the son of the high priest Onias went off to Egypt and founded the city there which is called "the city of Onias ", where he built a temple similar to the temple at Jerusalem.

Alcimus the high priest contended against Judas Maccabaeus, but before long he was struck down by a blow from God , and died. Then the entire Jewish people assigned the high priesthood to Judas Maccabaeus.

After becoming high priest, he sent a delegation to the Romans, and the senate decreed that the Jews should be entrolled amongst the friends and allies of the Roman people, as is related in the history of the Maccabees. After this he attacked Jerusalem and was defeated by Judas Maccabaeus, the general of the Jews. This Antiochus killed the high priest Onias, also called Menelaus, through the agency of his general Andronicus. After Onias came Alcimus, who was not from a priestly family. After Judas, his brother Jonathan , another son of Mattathias, became leader [of the Jews].

Ptolemy the second Euergetes gave his daughter in marriage to Alexander , the king of Syria and Asia. After agreeing peace terms with Judas Maccabaeus, he was killed at a feast by the soldiers of Ptolemy the second Euergetes. Later Herodes , who was king of the Jews though a foreigner, rebuilt the city and called it Sebaste. He sent an embassy to the Romans and was recognised as their ally by a decree of the senate. Ptolemy Alexander, the son of Ptolemy the second Euergetes and of Cocce, was driven out of his kingdom and was killed at Myra in Lycia.

This Aristobulus, the son of Jonathan Hyrcanus , was the first to assume the royal diadem as well as the title of high priest. He reigned for one year, in the [th] year from the start of the Babylonian captivity. He was a very cruel ruler. It should be noted from this that the succession of the kings of Judaea had come to an end. After the death of Zorobabel who was of the tribe of Judah , following the return from captivity, the predicted succession did not occur until the advent of Christ , so that the promised Christ was looked for from that time onwards.

Therefore the saints, who expected to see the advent of Christ appearing in the flesh, deservedly found what they desired. For this reason, as I think, the disciples of Christ who were learned in the law said [? Virgilius was born. He entered as far as the "adyta", that is the Holy of holies of the temple, and despoiled the temple, seizing many treasures from it.

He led back Aristobulus and his children as captives to Rome. He took away the Holy Scriptures, the vessels, the golden engravings, the golden vine, the couch of Solomon and many other holy objects. He handed over the position of high priest to Hyrcanus , the son of Alexander and Alexandra Salina, and appointed a certain Antipater of Ascalon to govern Palestine. He forced the entire nation of the Jews to become tributary to the Romans, and led off many of them as captives to the senate at Rome.

Hyrcanus rebuilt the walls of Jerusalem, which had been destroyed by Pompeius. Ptolemy the new Dionysus, who was also called Auletes, fled to Rome. Gaius Julius Caesar returned to Rome after completing the conquest of Gaul. Gaius Julius Caesar was appointed to be the first emperor of the Romans. The dictator Julius Caesar was not born in the normal way, but after his mother died in the ninth month [of pregnancy] she was cut open and the baby was pulled out.

Therefore the baby was called Caesar, which in Latin means "cut out". When he had grown up and shown great bravery, he was created triumvir along with Pompeius and Crassus , who were ex-consuls, in the first year of this th Olympiad , and the government of Rome was controlled by these three men. After the death of Crassus, who was killed by the Persians in a battle fought in the region of Persia, the dictator Caesar remained with his army to fight in the west. Then he was removed from the office of consul, or triumvir, by the decree of the whole Roman senate, with the agreement of his father-in-law Pompeius the Great.

Angered by this, Julius Caesar established a tyranny over the Romans. He waged war against the Romans, and attacked Pompeius the Great and the Roman senate. After marching on Rome and capturing it, he killed the senators. This Julius Caesar, as dictator or emperor, ruled over everyone in an arrogant and tyrannical fashion for 4 years and 7 months, from 12th May of the first indiction.

In Antioch the Great the freedom of the city, after it had come under Roman control, was proclaimed on the 20th day of the month of Artemisius , as authorised by Julius Caesar. And this Julius Caesar was proclaimed dictator in Antioch the Great on the 23rd day of the same month of Artemisius. In his reign the Roman state prospered, and the rulers after him were called Caesars.

He was consul and the first emperor of the Romans. He was an excellent orator. The inhabitants of Laodiceia count their era from this year. In the year of these consuls, a war against the Isauri took place.

The consul Antonius decreed that the month of Quintilis should be called July , because [Julius Caesar] was born in that month. Julius Caesar added 11 days to this year, to be in line with the course of the sun and the moon. He routed them, and held celebratory games for six days. Jesus , the son of Josedec , jointly with Zorobabel , for 32 years. Jacimus , the son of Jesus, for 30 years. Eliasibus , the son of Jacimus, for 40 years.

Jodae , the son of Eliasibus, 36 years. Jannaeus , the son of Jodae, for 32 years. Jaddus , the son of Jannaeus, for 20 years. In his time Alexander founded Alexandria , and came to Jerusalem where he prostrated himself [before God ].

Onias , the son of Jaddus, for 21 years. Eleazar , for 15 years. In his time, the 70 wise men translate the Holy scriptures. Onias , the son of Simon and brother of Eleazar, for 14 years. Simon, for 32 years. In his time, Jesus the son of Sirach was in his prime. Manasses , for 26 years. Simon was high priest for 22 years. Onias , for 29 years. In his time, Antiochus besieged the Jews and forced them to adopt Greek customs. After him, Judas Maccabaeus was leader of the Jews, and drove the infidels out of the country.

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Structure[ edit ] The Chronicon Paschale follows earlier chronicles. For the years to the author writes as a contemporary historian—that is, through the last years of emperor Maurice , the reign of Phocas , and the first seventeen years of the reign of Heraclius. Like many chroniclers, the author of this popular account relates anecdotes, physical descriptions of the chief personages which at times are careful portraits , extraordinary events such as earthquakes and the appearance of comets, and links Church history with a supposed Biblical chronology. Sempronius Asellio points out the difference in the public appeal and style of composition which distinguished the chroniclers Annales from the historians Historia of the Eastern Roman Empire. The "Chronicon Paschale" is a huge compilation, attempting a chronological list of events from the creation of Adam.

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Cronicón pascual

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