He was the second son of Adolf Lasker, a Jewish cantor in a synagogue. His mother was Rosalie Israelssohn. They also had one daughter, who later died in a Nazi gas chamber. In , at the age of 11, Emanuel was sent to Berlin to attend school. There, he was taught how to play chess by his older brother, Berthold, who was a medical student and later became a medical doctor. In Emanuel Lasker became a serious chess player.
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Background He was born in what was then Berlinchen literally "little Berlin" in Prussia, and which is now Barlinek in Poland. In , he went to school in Berlin, where he lived with his older brother Berthold Lasker , who was studying medicine, and who taught him how to play chess. In he finished third in Graz behind Gyula Makovetz and Johann Hermann Bauer , then shared first prize with his brother Berthold in a tournament in Berlin. In spring , he won two tournaments in London, the second and stronger of these without losing a game.
At New York , he won all thirteen games, one of a small number of significant tournaments in history in which a player achieved a perfect score. There followed a long hiatus from chess caused by his intention to retire from the game, but he re-emerged in top-class chess in , placing 5th in Zurich behind Alekhine, Euwe, Salomon Flohr and Bogoljubow and ahead of Ossip Bernstein , Aron Nimzowitsch , and Gideon Stahlberg.
Matches Non-title matches saw his long career in match play commence, one which only ceased upon relinquishing his title in In , Lasker toured and played a series of mini-matches against leading players in the Manhattan, Brooklyn and Franklin Chess Clubs. Shipley, who counted both Lasker and Steinitz as his friends, was instrumental in arranging the Philadelphia leg of the Lasker-Steinitz match, that being games 9, 10 and Also in , Mrs.
These matches pushed Lasker to the forefront of chess, and after being refused a match by Tarrasch, he defeated Steinitz for the world title in after spreadeagling the field at New York While he was World Champion, Lasker played some non-title matches, the earliest of which was a six-game exhibition match against Chigorin in which he lost 2. Lasker accepted a return match and they played a title match in details below. A match between Dr. Lasker and Dr. Vidmar had been planned for , but it did not eventuate.
Lasker won with 10 wins, 5 losses and 4 draws. Lasker also won the Lasker - Steinitz World Championship Rematch , played in Moscow, with 10 wins, 2 losses, and 5 draws. Lasker won this easily, remaining undefeated with 8 wins and 7 draws. In , Lasker came close to losing his title when he was trailing by a full point at the tenth and last game of the Lasker - Schlechter World Championship Match the match being played in Vienna and Berlin ; Schlechter held the advantage and could have drawn the game with ease on several occasions, however, he pursued a win, ultimately blundering a Queen endgame to relinquish his match lead and allow Lasker to retain the title.
In Lasker and Rubinstein, agreed to play a World Championship match in the fall of but the match was cancelled when World War I broke out. The war delayed all further title match negotiations until Lasker finally relinquished his title upon resigning from the Lasker - Capablanca World Championship Match in Havana while trailing by four games.
He spent the last years of the 19th century writing his doctorate. Between and , he played only at Cambridge Springs, using his time in the US. It was during this period that he introduced the notion of a primary ideal, which corresponds to an irreducible variety and plays a role similar to prime powers in the prime decomposition of an integer. He proved the primary decomposition theorem for an ideal of a polynomial ring in terms of primary ideals in a paper Zur Theorie der Moduln und Ideale published in volume 60 of Mathematische Annalen in However, he returned to chess in the mid-thirties as he needed to raise money after the Nazis had confiscated his properties and life savings.
After the tournament in Moscow in , the Laskers were encouraged to stay on and Emanuel accepted an invitation to become a member of the Moscow Academy of Science to pursue his mathematical studies, with both he and his wife, Martha, taking up permanent residence in Moscow.
At this time, he also renounced his German citizenship and took on Soviet citizenship. Jacques Hannak , writing: Emanuel Lasker was undoubtedly one of the most interesting people I came to know in my later years. We must be thankful to those who have penned the story of his life for this and succeeding generations. For there are few men who have had a warm interest in all the great human problems and at the same time kept their personality so uniquely independent.
Lasker published several chess books but as he was also a mathematician, games theorist, philosopher and even playwright, he published books in all these fields, except for the play which was performed on only one occasion. As a youth, his parents had recognised his potential and sent him to study in Berlin where he first learned to play serious chess.
He was survived by his wife and his sister, Lotta. On May 6, , Dr. Lasker was among the first 40 German sportsmen to be elected into the "Hall of Fame des Deutschen Sports". One can only stand and wonder.
The creative combination lies bare the presumption of a lie, while the merciless fact, culminating in a checkmate, contradicts the hypocrite.
Lasker's Manual of Chess
In Stock Overview Emanuel Lasker was probably the greatest chess player of modern times. Certainly no man has ever held the world championship longer — 28 years — or kept his powers so long. In his sixties, Lasker began what amounted to a fresh career in chess by playing his first serious game in ten years, and defeating Max Euwe, the man who was the following year to become world champion. This knowledge is reflected in the Manual of Chess, making it one of the great studies of the game, acclaimed by the chess world almost from the day it appeared. The book is one of the most thorough studies ever written, and though its main appeal is to the intermediate to skilled player, it begins its explanations at a level that can be understood by the beginner. Lasker analyzes basic methods of gaining advantages, exchange value of pieces, combinations, position play, the aesthetics of chess, and almost every other important aspect of the game.