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He himself was drawn into the fighting and was badly wounded. Cela is a restless spirit. In him is united a marked fondness for experiment with a provocative attitude.
At the same time he can be included in an old Spanish tradition of hilarious grotesqueness — which is often the other side of despair. The basic features of his attitude are evident already in the book which made his name — The Family of Pascual Duarte It is a powerful, in parts gruesome novel, which in spite of being censored and banned had an almost unparalleled impact.
After Don Quixote it is probably the most read novel in Spanish literature. We seldom meet any characters in his books which are drawn in any detail. Instead, often like Mahfouz in Midaq Alley, Cela captures the crowd, the buzzing. As in The Hive The effect is attained by means of a feverish montage, which is reflected in other authors. A sensation was caused in by San Camilo, which tells of the week before the outbreak of the civil war. The decisive factor was that the mighty flow of words with its pictures of violence and sexual obsession within the small sphere seemed to reflect happenings on the national plane.
In Oficio deTinieblas 5 Requiem of Darkness 5 and Mazurca para dos muertos Mazurca for Two Dead the experiments with form of language and content — in different ways — have been carried very far. The books are at once challenging and defiantly dark but also secretly enticing. The latter is a macabre but cheerfully obscene dance of death that is valid far beyond the depiction of Galician everyday life. Especially noteworthy is what Cela has done as publisher of the literary magazine Papeles de Son Armadans.
Many is the writer who has found an open forum here during years of hardship. In search of the Spain that Cela saw disappear in those years he roamed far and wide. Perhaps the most enjoyable of all the accounts of his travels — at the same time humorous masterpieces — are Journey to the Alcarria and Del Mino al Bidasoa From Mino to Bidasoa Mostly, it belonged to the upper middle class but also had certain aristocratic roots.
His father was a Spaniard, his mother of English birth but also with some Italian blood — Cela is said to count with pride both English pirates and Italian politicians among his ancestors. When he was nine, the family settled down for good in Madrid. After leaving school, he began medical studies but, with greater interest, attended literary lectures in the philosophical faculty.
The studies were broken off, however, by the civil war. Owing to pulmonary tuberculosis, he made his way to his native district, where the nationalists were in control, and he was enrolled as a private on their side but was exempted after having been badly wounded.
After the war, he returned to Madrid to resume his studies, this time, in law, but came to devote more and more time to writing. In , he published the novel that made his name — La familia de Pascual Duarte. Since then he has devoted himself entirely to literature. From to quite recently, he lived on Mallorca.
In and until , he published the quality magazine, Papeles de Son Armadans in which, during the Franco era, he could give space to the young opposition. He now lives in Guadalajara, a small town 55 km northeast of Madrid.
His collected works have been published in 17 volumes until now, Cela has been a member of the Spanish Academy since , and he is honorary doctor at a large number of foreign universities.
In , he received el Premio Nacional de Literatura, and in his works were rewarded with el Premio Principe de Asturias de las Letras. Selected Bibliography Obra complete.
Barcelona: Destino, La familia de Pascual Duarte. Madrid: Aldecoa, Madrid: Afrodisio Aguado, Nuevas andanzas y desventuras de Lazarillo de Tormes. Madrid: La Nave, La colmena. Caldwell habla con su hijo. La catira. Barcelona: Noguer, Madrid: Alfaguara, Mazurca para dos muertos. Barcelona: Seix Barral, Cristo versus Arizona. El molino de viento y otros novelas cortas.
Nuevo retablo de don Cristobita: Invenciones, figuraciones y alucinaciones. Palma de Mallorca: Papeles de Son Armadans, Madrid: Ed. Nacional, Izas, rabizas y colipoterras. Barcelona: Lumen, Nuevas escenas matritenses. Serie Viaje a la Alcarria. Madrid: Revista de Occidente, Barcelona: Ed. Cancionero de la Alcarria. Play El caro de heno o el inventor de la guillotina. Diccionario secreto. Enciclopedia del erotismo. Sedmay, Boston: Little, Brown and Co.
New York: Las Americas, Bilingual ed. Rest Home. The Hive. Caldwell Speaks to Her Son. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press, On genes, gods, and tyrants: the biological causation of morality. Dordrecht: Reldel, Journey to the Alcarria [ Madison: Univ. Barcelona: Noguer, , To cite this section.
Escenas y tipos matritenses
File:1900-03-24, Blanco y Negro, Escenas matritenses, En la calle de la caza, Huertas.jpg