GEOBOTANICAL PROSPECTING PDF

The topic is introduced by Robert Temple in his publication The Genius of China as follows: The Chinese were the first people to notice and use the connection between the types of vegetation which grow in certain areas and the minerals to be found underground at the same localities. The use of botanical observation in this way to find minerals is known as geobotanical prospecting. In modern times insufficient attention has been paid to this practice, and many of the ancient Chinese findings have not been investigated. There are, however, some widely recognized examples of plants which grow in soil too rich in certain minerals to be tolerated by other plants.

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How to cite Botanical methods of prospecting involve the use of vegetation in searching for ore deposits. Although these methods have been used for several centuries, there is much confusion about terminology because there are two distinct methods of botanical prospecting. Geobotanical methods are visual and rely mainly on an interpretation of the plant cover to detect morphological changes or plant associations typical of certain types of geologic environments or of ore deposits within these environments.

Geobotanical methods were first used in Roman times when vegetation was employed in the search for subterranean water. Later the Russian botanist Karpinsky became the first man to study thoroughly the relationship between plant communities and their geologic substrate. A number of books have appeared on the subject of This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access. References Aery, N. Google Scholar Bazilevskaya, N. Sibireva, , Change in the color of the corolla in Eschscholtzia californica under the influence of microelements in Russian , Bull.

Leningrad 6, 32— Google Scholar Brooks, R. New York: Wiley, p. Portland, Ore. Rotterdam: Balkema, p. Mining and Metallurgy Proc. Lee, and T. Ecology 62, — McCleave, and E. Schofield, , Cobalt and nickel uptake by the Nyssaceae, Taxon 26, — Morrison, R. Reeves, T. Dudley, and Y. Trow, and B. Reeves, R. Morrison, and F. Malaisse, , Belgium Royal Soc. Botany Bull. Google Scholar Buyalov, N. Shvyryaeva, , Geobotanical method in prospecting for salts of boron, Internat.

Geology Rev. Google Scholar Cannon, H. Survey Bull. Part I: Advances in geobotanical methods of prospecting, Canada Geol. Survey Econ. Geology Rept. Google Scholar Chaffee, M. Google Scholar Chikishev, A. New York: Consultants Bureau, p. Google Scholar Cole, M. Mining and Metallurgy Spec. Muell, as a nickel indicator and accumulator plant, Jour. Ecology 10, — Google Scholar Duvigneaud, P. Google Scholar Ernst, W. Arbeitsgemeinschaft 13, — Google Scholar Greig-Smith, P. London: Butterworths, p.

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Toscana Sci. Atti Mem. Google Scholar Nesvetailova, N. Google Scholar Nicolls, O. Provan, M. Cole, and J. Tooms, , Geobotany and geochemistry in mineral exploration in the Dugald River area, Cloncurry district, Australia, Australasian Inst. Mining and Metallurgy Trans. Google Scholar Nielsen, J.

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Google Scholar Persson, H. Hattori Bot. Google Scholar Reeves, R. Brooks, , European species of Thlaspi L. Cruciferae as indicators of nickel and zine, Jour. Exploration 18, — Google Scholar Rune, O. Suecica 31, 1— Google Scholar Severne, B.

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Geobotanical prospecting

Books A "most faithful" indicator plant is Ocimum centraliafricanum , the "copper plant" or "copper flower" formerly known as Becium homblei, found only on copper and nickel containing soils in central to southern Africa. It is well known for its tolerance of high levels of copper in the soil, and is even used by geologists prospecting for precious metals. In , Stephen E. Haggerty identified Pandanus candelabrum as a botanical indicator for kimberlite pipes, a source of mined diamonds.

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