MANTO TOBA TEK SINGH PDF

Plot summary[ edit ] The story is set two or three years after the partition, when the governments of India and Pakistan decided to exchange some Muslim, Sikh and Hindu lunatics, and revolves around Bishan Singh, a Sikh inmate of an asylum in Lahore , who is from the town of Toba Tek Singh. As part of the exchange, Bishan Singh is sent under police escort to India , but upon being told that his hometown Toba Tek Singh is in Pakistan, he refuses to go. Here, behind the same kind of barbed wire, was Pakistan. In between, on that piece of ground that had no name, lay Toba Tek Singh.

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In the aftermath of political separation, many people had to relocate and uproot their lives. There were chaos and confusion regarding what actually was Indian Territory and what was the newly formed Pakistan.

The situation got even worse for patients and especially the ones in mental institutions. Once the two countries had held talks regarding the situation of mental patients, it was decided that the Muslim patients would stay or move to Pakistan whereas the Hindu and Sikh counterparts will move to India.

The patients were a riotous bunch and were even more confused about partition as there was any coherent information or news available at the asylum. Some pretended to create their own piece of home in the asylum and did not want to leave.

Some climbed up a tree and made it their dwelling whole. One person claimed himself to be God and decided that both India and Pakistan belonged to him. He once had a huge property in Toba Tek Singh place in Pakistan. He had been in the asylum for nearly two decades and never spoke to anyone save some jumbled mumblings. He was often visited by his family and his daughter who grew up to become a young woman while he remained locked inside.

However, since the violence post-Partition, they had not come. Bishen Singh kept asking everyone at the asylum as to which country gained Toba Tek Singh but no one had any clear answer. He also reassured him that Toba Tek Singh was still in Pakistan. The day of the exchange came and the patients were taken to the border. There was a lot of clamor and noise. No guard could push him and seeing his desperation they let him free for a little while and moved to other patients.

At that moment the narrator realized that Toba Tek Singh place and person stood exactly nowhere, in between India and Pakistan.

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Toba Tek Singh (short story)

In the aftermath of political separation, many people had to relocate and uproot their lives. There were chaos and confusion regarding what actually was Indian Territory and what was the newly formed Pakistan. The situation got even worse for patients and especially the ones in mental institutions. Once the two countries had held talks regarding the situation of mental patients, it was decided that the Muslim patients would stay or move to Pakistan whereas the Hindu and Sikh counterparts will move to India. The patients were a riotous bunch and were even more confused about partition as there was any coherent information or news available at the asylum. Some pretended to create their own piece of home in the asylum and did not want to leave. Some climbed up a tree and made it their dwelling whole.

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Toba Tek Singh Analysis & Themes by Saadat Hasan Manto

The story starts two or three years after the Partition. The Government of India and Pakistan decided to exchange their lunatics from one country to other. They were unaware of where it was situated and wanted to know whether they were in India or Pakistan. They wondered that if they were in Pakistan how come a little while ago they were in India. One of the lunatics climbed up a tree and decided to live there saying he would go to neither Pakistan nor India. Bishan Singh is one among the lunatics of Lahore Asylum; he is the protagonist of this story. He is a harmless old man came to the asylum fifteen years ago when he went mad.

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Toba Tek Singh Summary by Saadat Hasan Manto

Toba Tek Singh by Sadat Hasan Manto Two or three years after the Partition, it occurred to the governments of India and Pakistan to exchange their lunatics in the same manner as they had exchanged their criminals. The Muslim lunatics in India were to be sent over to Pakistan and the Hindu and Sikh lunatics in Pakistani asylums were to be handed over to India. It was difficult to say whether the proposal made any sense or not. However, the decision had been taken at the topmost level on both sides. After high-level conferences were held a day was fixed for exchange of the lunatics.

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Toba Tek Singh by Saadat Hasan Manto

None of the characters in the story know where they are to go. Their nationality is in question. Which may be the point that Manto is attempting to make. He may be suggesting that after the partitioning of India bureaucracy was so slow or unorganized that many people had to wait to discover if they were to resettle in India or Pakistan. If anything Manto may be ridiculing both governments over their handling of repatriation. It is also possible that Manto is exploring the theme of identity.

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