PANCHATANTRA KATHEGALU IN KANNADA PDF

The earliest Kannada literary text dates from the ninth century, though references to a number of earlier works exist. Jains were the earliest known cultivators of Kannada literature though works by Lingayats from that period have survived. Vaddaradhana by Shivakotiacharya is the earliest existing prose work in old Kannada. However, one of the earliest extant works in Kannada is the Kavirajamarga generally ascribed to the Rashtrakuta king Nripatunga Amoghavarsha.

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The earliest Kannada literary text dates from the ninth century, though references to a number of earlier works exist. Jains were the earliest known cultivators of Kannada literature though works by Lingayats from that period have survived. Vaddaradhana by Shivakotiacharya is the earliest existing prose work in old Kannada. However, one of the earliest extant works in Kannada is the Kavirajamarga generally ascribed to the Rashtrakuta king Nripatunga Amoghavarsha.

In the tenth century, the champu style of composition was perfected. Pampa was the master-pioneer of this art; he is called the father of Kannada poetry. Continuing the epic tradition were Ponna and Ranna. With Basaveswara introducing the vacham sahitya or sharana sahitya in writing, a revolution came about in the 12th century.

The poets expressed their devotion to god Shiva in simple vachana poems. These poems were spontaneous utterances of rhythmic, epigrammatical, satirical prose emphasising the worthlessness of riches, rituals and book learning. Akka Mahadevi was prominent among the women poets; she is also said to have written Mantrogopya and Yogangatrividhi. Siddharama is credited with writings in tripadi metre and 1, extant poems of his are to be found.

Under the patronage of the later Hoysalas, several literary works were produced. Kannada literature flourished under the Vijayaaagara kings and their feudatories during the 14thth centuries. The Kannada Bharata by Kumara Vyasa is an outstanding work. Jainas, Virashaivas and brahmins produced poetic works and biographies of saints.

Kumari Valmiki wrote the first complete brahmanical adaptation of Ramayana, the Torave Ramayana. With the decline of the Vijayanagara Empire, the Kingdom of Mysore and the kingdom of the Keladi Nayakas gave encouragement to production of literary texts covering various themes. A unique and native form of poetic literature with dramatic representation called Yakshagana gained popularity in the 18th century. Modern Kannada theatre is traced to the rise of Yakshagana a type of field play of the 16th century.

Yakshagana compositions are associated with the rule of King Kanteerava Narasaraja Wodeyar II and Mummadi Krishnaraja Wodeyar , a prolific writer of the era who penned over 40 writings including a poetic romance called Saugandika Parinaya. King Chikka Devaraja Wodeyar wrote Geetha Gopala, a well-known treatise on music, in saptapadi metre.

It was the first writing to propagate the Vaishnava faith in the Kannada language. Lakshmisa or Lakshmisha , a well- known story-teller and a dramatist, is dated to the midth or late 17th century.

The Jaimini Bharata, his version of the Mahabharata written in shatpadi metre, is a popular poem. The Vaishnava movement produced the immortal songs of Purandaradasa and Kanakadasa. Modern Kannada literature began in mid-nineteenth century and incorporated two aspects—absorption of western ideas and a rediscovery of the past. In the early 19th century, Maharaja Krishnaraja Wodeyar III and his court poets moved away from the ancient champu form of prose toward prose renderings of Sanskrit epics and plays.

Modern Kannada literature was cross- fertilised by the colonial period in India as well, as translations of Kannada works and dictionaries into European languages as well as other Indian languages, and vice versa, and European style newspapers and periodicals in Kannada came to be. In the 19th century, interaction with European technology, like new printing techniques, gave an impetus to modern Kannada literature.

The first Kannada newspaper called Mangalore Satnachara was published by Hermann Mogling in ; and the first Kannada periodical, Mysuru Vrittanta Bodhini, was published by Bhashyam Bhashyacharya in Mysore at around the same time. Srikanthayya Inglis Gitagalu regarded as the father of modern Kannada literature, gave Kannada poetry a conscious modern direction. His plays mainly focused on problems like the dowry system, religious persecution, woes in the extended family system and exploitation of women.

Novels of the early 20th century promoted a nationalist consciousness. Puttanna wrote realistic novels. Gundappa and K. Puttappa were other poets of note. Most famous was D. The novel in Kannada has made a lasting impact. Puttanna wrote novels rooted in the Kannada soil.

A novelist of note is K. He has received the Jnanpith Award. Yet another Jnanpith Award winner is Prof. Gokak, poet and novelist. Incidentally, the most number of Jnanpith awards has been given to Kannada literary writers. Some dramatists of note are Basavappa Sastri, T. Kannada literature has seen the rise of writers like P. This genre was called Navyottara and had a more socially responsible role. The writers in this form of writing were Poornachandra Tejaswi and Devanur Mahadeva.

Striking developments in recent times have been the rise of the prose form to a position of predominance and growth in dramatic literature.

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PANCHATANTRA KATHEGALU IN KANNADA PDF

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